During the early 2000s, Argentina’s total expenditures on health, as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), placed it among the top-20 countries in the world in per capita health spending. For example, Argentina spent 8.9 percent of GDP in 2000 and 10.1 percent in 2006. Although the reforms improved access to healthcare for those employed in the formal sectors, the poor continued to be excluded from the health insurance system and had worse than average health indicators.
In 2004, Government of Argentina launched Plan Nacer, supported by an adaptable loan from the World Bank (US$135.8 million). Plan Nacer provided a free basic package of cost-effective services to women and children through participating healthcare providers in the country’s nine poorest provinces. In 2006, the Program was expanded to the remaining fourteen provinces with a loan of US$300 million.