In 2010, Thailand introduced the first pay-for-performance (P4P) programme, called on-top payment, in order to reduce variations in quality and accessibility of care provision by encouraging CUPs to improve infrastructure and staffing. Since this programme was criticised for not clearly contributing to the quality of services and health outcomes, it was replaced by the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) in October 2013. As a P4P initiative, the QOF incentivises health providers to improve primary care quality in key predetermined areas, namely (i) health promotion and disease prevention; (ii) primary healthcare services; (iii) organisational development and management; and (iv) services targeted to local need. Lessons learned from the current Thai QOF will be useful for policy makers and programme implementers at both the national and international levels in ensuring effective policy transfer and implementation, not only for similar P4P programmes, but also for other public health initiatives.
Document Type: (PDF) Download
Author/s: Roongnapa Khampang, Sripen Tantivess, Yot Teerawattananon, Sarocha Chootipongchaivat, Juntana Pattanapesaj, Rukmanee Butchon, Natthida Malathong, Francoise Cluzeau, Rachel Foskett-Tharby, Paramjit Gill
Date of Publication: March 2017