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The under-five mortality rate is a key indicator of child well-being, including health and nutrition status. It is also a key indicator of the coverage of child survival interventions and, more broadly, of social and economic development. Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) calls for reducing the under-five mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. The world has made substantial progress, reducing the rate 49 percent, from 90 (89, 92) deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 46 (44, 48) in 2013. Since 1990 almost 100 million children under age five roughly the current populations of the Philippines have been saved.

The world is also reducing under-five mortality faster than at any other time during the past two decades. The global annual rate of reduction has steadily accelerated since 1990-1995 more than tripling from 1.2 percent to 4.0 percent in 2005-2013.

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Author/s: World Bank
Publication ID: 90587
Date of Publication: September 2014

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