This Evidence Review was commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in cooperation with KfW. It was elaborated as a first step in the development of an Evidence Brief on Results-Based Financing of Maternal and Newborn Health Care in low and lower-middle income countries (LLMICs).
The authors were requested to focus on applications of RBF to maternal and neonatal health care and on the effects of the reviewed schemes on the performance of health care providers.
As a second step, this Evidence Review was peer-reviewed by a group of independent experts whose comments are available in a separate paper. On the basis of the Evidence Review and its Peer Review, a shorter Evidence Brief was formulated. All three papers were written for an operational readership: experts working for development cooperation agencies, their national partners and all other actors contemplating starting RBF operations in a LLMIC. It is hoped that this review will help them:
- to decide whether to start an RBF scheme or not, and
- to better identify which RBF scheme (or combination of RBF schemes) better matches the specific conditions of their setting once they decided to start it.