Objective To measure whether there was an association between the introduction of an output-based voucher programme and the odds of a facility-based delivery in two Nairobi informal settlements.

Data sources Nairobi Urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (NUHDSS) and two cross-sectional household surveys in Korogocho and Viwandani informal settlements in 2004–05 and 2006–08.

This short video documentary introduces the Reproductive Health Output-Based Aid Voucher Program in Kenya. This demand-side RBF program provides Kenya's poorest and most vulnerable population with access to reproductive health care services. Patients are offered coverage of their reproductive health expenses, such as transport of a pregnant woman to a health facility for an assisted delivery. They are also given a choice of provider, which ensures their role in the decision-making process, and promotes a more informed and active approach to their own health.

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