Supported by the World Bank, Chad implemented a Performance-Based Financing (PBF) scheme as a pilot, from October 2011 to May 2013. However, despite promising results and the government's stated commitment to ensure its continuation after the World Bank's departure, PBF failed to come onto the national policy agenda. This article aims to explain why this was the case, an especially interesting question given that several factors were favorable for project continuation. Data for this case study were collected through literature review and key informant interviews.

Building awareness for results-based financing (RBF) and on studies about its contextual feasibility and appropriateness is an important activity that can help policymakers to make informed decisions about the use of RBF and its possible design. Another critical— and related— activity is holding stakeholder consultations. These consultations can help to ensure that the design of the RBF program is tailored to local realities. 

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